Bearded Dragon Poop: Things You Should Know

Even the most adorable animals can make some very stinky poop. For example, bearded dragons can seem very cute and innocent, but don’t be fooled!

Even though bearded dragons are famous for having some of the stinkiest poop, their poop can actually give a lot of information about their health in general.

So, we decided to make a guide to bearded dragon poop, from how it should look, to how to help them poop and more!

How Often Should a Bearded Dragon Poop?

How often a bearded dragon poop depends on multiple factors. 

Firstly, age plays the biggest role in how often they should be pooping. When they are babies they will have more frequent bowel movements than juveniles or adults.

Secondly, what you feed your bearded dragon can also affect how often they poop. If your beardie eats a bunch of calcium, like a silkworm, they will probably need poop a lot more than beardies that just eat crickets.

Thirdly, the amount of light a bearded dragon receive may also affect their pooping schedule.

Keep the temperature gradients in your bearded dragon’s enclosure as low as possible. It’s also critical that your lizard receives the proper amount of UVB and UVA light on a daily basis (this should be 10 to 12 hours each day)

Bearded dragon needs to be exposed to natural light daily in order to properly digest their food. Fluctuations in light levels can wreak havoc on their delicate digestive system.

To ensure that your bearded dragon poops on a regular and healthy schedule, stick to the temperature ranges listed below.

For warm areas make sure it’s around 80°F to 84°F, for basking spots keep it approximately 95°F to 100°F and lastly, for cool or dark places it is around 80°F to 90°F. Read more on bearded dragon heating and lighting.

Lastly, Brumation, usually a three-month period in which bearded dragons hibernate (although those times can vary). This is similar to the hibernation process that some warm-blooded animals, such as bears, go through during the winter months.

Your bearded dragon will also not be eating much throughout that time, as you might expect. As a result, they won’t be pooping nearly as much.

To understand why their reptile’s habits are changing, owners should research and keep track of the signs of impending brumation for their specific reptile.

How Often Should a Baby Bearded Dragon Poop?

You should expect your baby bearded dragon (up to 3 months old) to poop at least once to thrice a day.

Baby beardies are developing their bodies very quickly, along with feeding them tons of protein, so don’t be worried if your tiny friend keeps giving you a bunch of gifts to clean. 

How Often Should a Juvenile Bearded Dragon Poop?

Juvenile or young adult bearded dragons around 4-17 months old will usually defecate every other day instead of 1-3 times a day, babies do.

When they hit 18 months, don’t be shocked if they start pooping once or twice a week.

How Often Should an Adult Bearded Dragon Poop?

This, too, will be determined by the bearded dragon’s diet as well as the other factors mentioned above.

If your adult bearded dragon (over 18 months old) is not stressed and their tank has adequate UVA and UVB levels, you can expect them to poop 1-7 times per week. 

Ultimately, keep in mind that each bearded dragon is distinct, with some going to the bathroom on a daily basis and others only once a week.

You probably don’t need to be concerned as long as their energy levels and appetite are normal.

What if Your Bearded Dragon is Pooping a Lot?

Keep in mind that what creates “a lot” will vary depending on the age and consistency of your bearded dragon. For example, what appears to be “a lot” for your dragon may be quite normal for another.

Consider the following reasons for your bearded dragon’s excessive pooping…

Reason #1: They’re Stressed

Your bearded dragon may be going to the bathroom more frequently than usual due to stress.

Take into account whether anything outside the tank (a new pet lurking nearby, loud noises, etc.) could be causing them stress. Consider what’s going on inside the tank as well.

Is it possible that uneaten feeders are biting and terrorizing the bearded dragon?

Are the temperatures too low or too high?

Did you recently switch them to a new tank or introduce a new item?

If you suspect that something or someone is stressing out your bearded dragon, you should address the issue right away to avoid escalating health concerns.

Reason #2: They Have Parasites

Parasitic infections are probably the worst-case scenario for why your bearded dragon is pooping so much or being constipated.

Parasites are present in the systems of the majority of bearded dragons. However, these parasites do not always cause problems, and many veterinarians will not consider treatment unless there are obvious health consequences (i.e. lethargy, runny stool, weight loss, etc.). More on bearded dragon parasites.

If your dragon has runny poop or poop that smells strongly, you should collect a fecal sample and schedule an appointment with an experienced herp vet as soon as possible. Your veterinarian will either examine the fecal sample or perform bloodwork to determine the type of parasite present and the best anti-parasitic drug to use.

Reason #3: They’re Pregnant

If you don’t think your bearded dragon is stressed and you’ve sexed them as female, their common bowels could be the result of pregnancy.

If your dragon is eating more than usual, she is most likely preparing to lay her clutch.

Pregnant female bearded dragons may poop more frequently.

As you may or may not be aware, bearded dragon females do not need to mate to become pregnant.

Of course, pregnant females who do not copulate will lay infertile eggs.

You should still provide them with a lay box and take all necessary precautions to ensure that their lay goes smoothly and that their health is not jeopardized.

Here is a guide on how to tell if a bearded dragon is pregnant.

What Does Healthy Bearded Dragon Poop Look Like?

Since bearded dragons don’t really pee, having a bowel movement is basically the same as pooping and peeing at the same time. As a result, with any bowel movement, fecal matter and what is known as a urate should be passed together.

Because bearded dragons do not produce urine in the same way that humans do, the urate is essentially their pee. It’s basically a white, soft nitrogen paste that shouldn’t be too soft or watery. In contrast, the fecal matter should be any shade of brown, soft yet solid, and relatively uniform in shape.

Also, don’t be alarmed if there’s some liquid mixed in with the feces. So long as the poop is well-formed, it’s nothing to worry about.

Why is Bearded Dragon Poop White and Brown?

As previously stated, bearded dragons do not pee in the same way that humans or mammals such as cats and dogs do. Instead, they create urate, a kidney waste product.

When bearded dragons are healthy, their urate should be white, and their waste should be brown, as it is for most creatures.

Abnormal Bearded Dragon Poop Colors

Is the poop of a bearded dragon not typically white and brown? Check out the explanations for some of the other colors below. From red bearded dragon poop to green and even yellow bearded dragon poop, keep reading to learn more about unusual bearded dragon poop colors…

Bearded Dragon Green Poop 

Although bearded dragon green poop may appear concerning, as long as the urates are white and the poop isn’t extremely runny or stinks to high heavens, this is most likely nothing to be concerned about.

Green bearded dragon poop is usually caused by something in their diet. Consider this: as adults, your diet consists of 70% dark leafy greens, give or take… How could there not be green-bearded dragon poop?

Make sure to keep an eye on their waste and, if it continues to be green or becomes runny, bloody, or extremely stinky, collect a fecal sample and send it to a herp vet.

Bearded Dragon Poop Yellow 

Excessive calcium in a bearded dragon’s diet can cause yellow poop. Too much calcium can lead to bowel problems, organ damage, and liver disease.

Bearded dragons require different amounts of calcium depending on their age:

Hatchlings should be given a calcium supplement every single day. For juveniles, it should be every other day, and finally for adults give them supplements at least once or twice a week.

If you notice that your beardie’s poop is yellow, you should reduce their calcium intake.

First, ensure that the UVB tube does not extend the entire length of the tank in which your beardie lives. Your reptile must be able to move in and out of the UVB light as needed.

UVB light helps your lizard produce vitamin D, and vitamin D promotes calcium absorption. Too much calcium and too much UVB exposure are harmful to the health of a bearded dragon.

Consider their diet if the light is not an issue.

Calcium is obtained by feeding your bearded dragon certain foods (such as kale and watercress) as well as dusting food with calcium powder. Calcium-rich foods and calcium supplements can cause yellow poop.

Depending on your Beardie’s age, you might want to stop giving your beardie the calcium supplement for a few days to a week.

Bearded Dragon Black Poop

When you feed too many insects but not enough leafy greens, black poop can form. A bearded dragon’s diet should always include chopped plants and vegetables. Plant materials should be consumed by active adults two to three times per week.

If your beardie is eating plenty of greens but still has a black stool, you should have the stool examined.

Back poop can be an indication of impaction. Impaction is the obstruction of bowel movements, which can cause tears, internal bleeding, and severe constipation.

A parasitic infection can also cause watery, black, foul-smelling stool.

Keep in mind that fecal waste in a bearded dragon’s environment will naturally darken after a few hours.

Bearded Dragon Poop All White 

A bearded dragon with chalky white poop is usually dehydrated. Stringy saliva, along with chalky white poop, is a sign of mild dehydration.

Mild dehydration is very simple to treat.

You should put them in 15-minute baths. This can help to rehydrate and moisten their skin. After rehydrating, ensure that your beardie is drinking plenty of water and that the tank temperature does not exceed 105°F.

Dehydration can cause serious illness if left untreated.

A bearded dragon with multiple chalky white stools should be seen by a veterinarian.

If your dragon is only releasing the urate portion of their poop, this could indicate that they are overly hydrated or haven’t eaten much recently. In both cases, make sure they don’t have a loss of appetite and offer some food.

 Why is my Bearded dragon’s Poop runny?

Diarrhea can cause severe dehydration in a bearded dragon.

Dietary changes, poor diet, and parasites are the three most common causes of bearded dragon diarrhea. If parasites are not treated the right way, they can cause serious health problems.

If you’ve recently changed your beardie’s diet and noticed runny stool, it should go away in a few days.

Feeding fiber-rich foods (such as apples and pumpkin) can also result in a runny stool. To correct this, they should gradually reduce the number of high-fiber foods in their diet. Remember that vegetables should account for 75 percent of their diet. Fresh fruits and vegetables contain a lot of water, which can cause your pet to become dehydrated.

Runny poop can also indicate the presence of parasites.

The insects that bearded dragons eat are the most common source of parasites. Insects can carry parasites that are passed on when consumed.

The following are symptoms of a parasitic infection in a bearded dragon:

  • Mucus in the stool
  • Loss of weight
  • Laziness
  • Appetite loss
  • Anorexia
  • The poop has a foul odor.

What if My Bearded Dragon is Pooping Blood?

If your bearded dragon is pooping blood, you should take appropriate action right away. Now, I don’t say this to scare you because the cause could be as insignificant as minor constipation. However, there could be more serious issues at work, such as impaction. 

What’s the bottom line? Red poop from a bearded dragon is not something you want to ignore!

To see if your bearded dragon has been impacted, look for lumps and bumps on its underside. Pay close attention to their back limbs as well, as leg paralysis is another symptom of impaction.

If left untreated, this condition can be fatal, but there are many ways you can help your bearded dragon overcome impaction at home.

Impaction is a serious problem, especially if it is left unattended, in which case bearded dragons can die! 

Unfortunately, impaction can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from the incorrect substrate to dangerously large feeders. Knowing the main culprit is essential for keeping your bearded dragon safe from this dangerous health condition!

Bloody stool is frequently indicative of impaction, which can be deadly if not treated promptly.

If you are convinced that your bearded dragon is not impacted, the blood in their bowel could be the result of an internal injury or a larger bowel movement.

But what if they aren’t impacted?

If you think your bearded dragon is not suffering from impaction and they appear normal otherwise, give them about 2 days and watch their actions. Also, just in case, try to obtain a stool sample. And if the red poop on the bearded dragon does not stop after 48 hours, take them to the vet right away.

If your dragon is bleeding from its vent, seek medical attention immediately as this could indicate a serious problem such as egg binding or a prolapse.

Why is my Bearded Dragon not Pooping?

Their poop times and amounts will decrease as they age. So, if you notice a decrease in output as they age, don’t be concerned.

However, it becomes a problem if they refuse to poop at all.

This could be the result of increased stress or an illness. This is why, if you notice this happening, you should begin tracking their symptoms and behavior.

If your bearded dragon goes for an unusually long period of time without pooping, get in contact with your veterinarian and follow their recommendations.

How Long Can They Go Without pooping?

Healthy bearded dragons that aren’t in brumation shouldn’t go more than a week without pooping. Some people can go for several weeks without pooping, but this is extremely painful and is usually a sign of a health problem.

There are six primary reasons why a bearded dragon isn’t pooping:

A bad diet

  • Parasites
  • Stress
  • Brumation
  • Impaction
  • Lighting 

Poop is typically passed four to five days after feeding. This depends on the age and species of the bearded dragon. An unsuitable diet can wreak havoc on their digestive systems, causing them to become constipated.

Parasites can cause your bearded dragon to completely stop pooping. Pinworms can cause constipation as well as clocaitis. Preventing them requires tank cleaning.

Constipation can also be caused by stress. A bearded dragon can become stressed for a variety of reasons. The most common are environmental factors like UVB light and water.

It is critical that your bearded dragon receives a good amount of light daily. To monitor it, a UVB bulb should be used in conjunction with a UV meter. Allow a bulb to warm up for about fifteen minutes before measuring it with a UV meter. Ideally, the reading should be greater than 100 uW/cm2.

UVB bulbs should be used in conjunction with an infrared bulb for basking and must be substituted every six months.

Finally, a bearded dragon will poop much less than usual during brumation. Because of the cooler temperatures, bearded dragons are less active during brumation. It has a three-month lifespan.

How to Make Your Bearded Dragon Poop

A bearded dragon who hasn’t had a bowel movement on their normal routine is probably dehydrated, anxious, too cold, or impacted!

All of these causes are worrisome and must be addressed as soon as possible in order to either avoid or fix the impaction. So, when it comes to how to make your bearded dragon poop, there are a few things you can try.

If you’re wondering how to get your bearded dragon to poop, consider the suggestions below!

If nothing works to get your bearded dragon pooping again in 5 days, take it to the nearest veterinarian right away!

Step #1: Hydrate Them

Bearded dragons, like humans, can have difficulty relieving themselves when they are dehydrated. Consider the following to see if your bearded dragon is having trouble pooping due to dehydration…

The urate in dehydrated bearded dragon poop will be chalky and dried, rather than soft. Bearded dragon poop that has been dehydrated should be easy to spot because it will appear drier overall.

As a result, you should drip a few drops on your beardie’s snout for them to lick off as extra hydration.

Step #2: Give Them a Bath

Warm water can help you not only get your bearded dragon to poop but also get them over their impaction.

The most important thing is to keep your bearded dragon calm because if the bath stresses them out, things will only get worse!

Ensure that the bath is warm but not hot and that it does not rise above their shoulders. Allow them to soak for 15 minutes every day until they relieve themselves. Simply ensure that you are present to supervise at all times.

Step #3: Check Tank Temperatures and UVB

If your bearded dragon is not really getting enough UVB or their tank is too cold, digestion problems are a distinct possibility. 

You’ll want to make sure you have the proper lighting in place, with basking temperatures of 95-105 degrees Fahrenheit for bearded dragons 12 months and older and 105-110 degrees Fahrenheit for babies.

Step #4: Give Them a Special Homemade Laxative

By giving your bearded dragon a few drops (3-4) of olive oil every day, you can help them have a bowel movement. Just make sure it’s olive oil, not vegetable oil, that you give them.

You can also give them a teaspoon (or half for babies) of baby food every day, such as…

Organic sauce (sugar-free) made from apples with water-dilution of pumpkin puree and 1:3 water dilution and 100 percent pure juice. 

Getting Your Bearded Dragon to Poop During Brumation 

Your bearded dragon will not need poop while brumating unless they take an interest in eating when you wake them up for their weekly bath.

If your bearded dragon eats something during brumation, simply wake them up the next day and soak them in a warm bath for 20 minutes. Continue doing so every day until they have relieved themselves, then reduce to once a week baths.

Why Does Bearded Dragon Poop Smell So Bad?

Before we go any further, it’s important to remember that everyone’s tolerance for smell is different, and what may cause choking in some people may not bother others.

With that said, bearded dragon poop stinks like hell a lot of the time because they either have parasites (which is fairly common) or something they’re eating isn’t agreeing with their stomach.

If you play around with their diet and find that their stool still stinks, I recommend having a fecal sample tested for parasites with your herp vet.

Conclusion 

That’s all there is to it! I hope you found this article to be informative and thorough in answering all of your questions about bearded dragon poop. The most important thing to remember about bearded dragon poop is that each bearded dragon’s poop will be unique in terms of frequency and appearance.

Familiarising yourself with your pet’s poop routine and usual appearance will be the most effective way to spot future abnormalities and, hopefully, take action quick enough to resolve issues such as impaction and parasites.

About Tariq Aziz

I am working as Chief editor at MY BEARDIES. I have been working in the publishing business for over a decade now. I love reptiles and I love talking about them. I have years of experience in herpetoculture. I have cared for many reptiles including bearded dragons, geckos, and skinks since childhood.

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